The Corona virus is a Virus that attacks the respiratory system. This disease caused by a viral infection is called Covid-19. It was first identified in Wuhan, China, and has now spread rapidly to more than 121 countries and regions around the world. It has killed more than 4,000 people, and the WHO has declared it as a global pandemic.
The Corona virus can attack anyone without exception, adults and children. Although the victims of this virus are mostly adults, recent cases of children and toddlers have also been reported.
Of course, this caused concerns for parents, given the spread of the Corona virus is rapid. This virus is spread by droplets from infected people. Contact with the fecess of an infected person can also spread the virus.
For this reason, it is important for parents to know the following efforts to prevent Corona virus for children summarized by UNICEF and various sources (3/14).
Recognize the symptoms of Corona virus
To prevent children from contracting Corona virus, the first thing parents need to do is recognize the symptoms. Some of the symptoms of Corona are fever, cough and shortness of breath. But in more severe cases, the Corona virus can also cause pneumonia or difficulty in breathing.
It can even be fatal. Since the symptoms of Corona virus are similar to those of normal flu, tests are needed to confirm whether a person has Covid-19 or not.
Teach children to get used to wearing face masks
The use of medical face masks is highly recommended for those of you who have respiratory symptoms such as coughing or sneezing to protect others from infection as well as children.
Teach them how to use the face mask properly and how to take it of properly, to ensure effectiveness and to avoid the risk of virus transmission.
Teach children to wash their hands often
Quoted from unicef.org, using face masks alone is not enough to stop the infection and should be combined with frequent hand washing, covering sneezing and coughing and avoiding contact with anyone with symptoms of influenza.
In this case, hand washing is very important, because during various types of activities, the hands may come to contact, consciously or unconsciously, with things that can spread contamination, like when shaking hands, holding stairs, or opening doors. Therefore, hand washing is essential to avoid various types of virus that can cause disease.
Familiarize your child with washing their hands properly using soap and running water for at least 20 seconds. Make sure to wash all parts of the hands, including the back of the hand, between the fingers and the tips of the nails.
If corona symptoms appear, get medical help
Since the symptoms of Corona are similar to those of the common cold, we cannot detect it carelessly, there must be other medical examinations in order for there to be more adequate treatment efforts.
To prevent the Corona virus, we can also offer early treatment to children, for example by staying at home and avoiding public places such as workplaces, schools, transportation to prevent spreading to others.
Give nutritious food
The next way to prevent Corona virus is to give the children nutricious food such as food containing beta-carotene, carrots and oranges, which would boost the body’s immune system.
In order to build a strong immune system, make sure children always eat healthy food with a guaranteed management process.